Ca2+-antagonistic properties of phospholipase A2 inhibitors, mepacrine and chloroquine.


The effects of putative phospholipase A2 inhibitors mepacrine and chloroquine on membrane ionic currents were studied in intact frog atrial trabeculae. Both agents decreased slow calcium channel current Isi and fast sodium channel current If. Isi was affected twice at least in comparison to If. Half-block of Isi was observed at approximately 10(-6) mol/l mepacrine and at approximately 10(-5) mol/l chloroquine. These effects on transmembrane ionic transport should be considered when using the above agents as phospholipase inhibitors or antiarrhythmic drugs.


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